"The Apple II (often rendered or written as Apple ][ or Apple //) was the first highly successful mass produced microcomputer product, manufactured by Apple Computer (now Apple Inc.) and introduced in 1977. It was among the first home computers on the market, and became one of the most recognizable and successful. In terms of ease of use, features and expandability the Apple II was a major technological advancement over its predecessor, the Apple I, a limited production bare circuit board computer for electronics hobbyists which pioneered many features that made the Apple II a commercial success. Introduced at the West Coast Computer Faire in 1977, the Apple II was among the first successful personal computers and responsible for launching the Apple company into a successful business. (Competitors with the Apple II for the title of "first mass-produced microcomputer" include the IBM 5100 [sold fully assembled] and the Altair 8800 [sold in kit and assembled form, but mostly as a kit], both introduced in 1975; the winner depends on the definition of "mass-produced".) Throughout the years a number of different models were introduced and sold, with the most popular model manufactured having relatively minor changes even into the 1990s. By the end of its production in 1993, somewhere between five and six million Apple II series computers (including approximately 1.25 million Apple IIGS models) had been produced.
Below The Root
Throughout the 1980s and much of the 1990s, the Apple II was the standard computer in American education; some of them are still operational in classrooms today. The Apple II was popular with business users as well as with families and schools, particularly after the 1979 release of the popular spreadsheet, VisiCalc, which initially ran only on the Apple II.
The original Apple II operating system was only the built-in BASIC interpreter contained in ROM; most commercial Apple II software on disk, e.g. educational games and productivity programs, booted directly on the hardware and either had no operating system or incorporated one of its own (which was usually invisible to the user.) Apple DOS was added to support the diskette drive; the last version was "Apple DOS 3.3". Apple DOS was superseded by ProDOS to support a hierarchical filesystem and larger storage devices. With an optional Z80 based expansion card the Apple II could even run the popular Wordstar and dBase software under the CP/M operating system. At the height of its evolution, towards the late 1980s, the platform had the graphical look of a hybrid of the Apple II and Macintosh with the introduction of the Apple IIGS. By 1992, the platform featured 16-bit processing capabilities, a mouse driven Graphical User Interface and graphic and sound capabilities far beyond the original.
Prince Of Persia
After years of focus on Apple's Macintosh product line, it finally eclipsed the Apple II series in the early 1990s. Even after the introduction of the Macintosh, the Apple II had remained Apple's primary revenue source for years: the Apple II and its associated community of third-party developers and retailers were once a billion-dollar-a-year industry. The Apple IIGS model was sold through to the end of 1992. The Apple IIe model was removed from the product line on October 15, 1993, ending an era." (Wikipedia)
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Apple II - Applications (TOSEC-v2006-02-20)
Apple II - Compilations (TOSEC-v2006-02-20)
Apple II - Demos (TOSEC-v2006-02-20)
Apple II - Educational (TOSEC-v2006-02-20)
Apple II - Games (TOSEC-v2006-02-20)
Apple II - Operating Systems (TOSEC-v2006-02-20)